By Jeremy Cohen
How are martyrs made, and the way do the thoughts of martyrs convey, nourish, and mould the beliefs of the neighborhood? Sanctifying the identify of God wrestles with those questions opposed to the history of the massacres of Jews within the Rhineland throughout the outbreak of the 1st campaign. Marking the 1st wide wave of anti-Jewish violence in medieval Christian Europe, those "Persecutions of 1096" exerted a profound impact at the process ecu Jewish history.
When the crusaders demanded that Jews make a choice from Christianity and demise, many opted for baptism. Many others, despite the fact that, selected to die as Jews instead of to reside as Christians, and of those, many really inflicted loss of life upon themselves and their family. tales in their self-sacrifice ushered the Jewish excellent of martyrdom—kiddush ha-Shem, the sanctification of God's holy name—into a brand new section, conditioning the collective reminiscence and mind-set of Ashkenazic Jewry for hundreds of years to come back, throughout the Holocaust, or even today.
The Jewish survivors of 1096 memorialized the sufferers as martyrs as they rebuilt their groups through the many years following the campaign. 3 twelfth-century Hebrew chronicles of the persecutions defend their thoughts of martyrdom and self-sacrifice, stories fraught with symbolic that means that represent one of many earliest Jewish makes an attempt at neighborhood, modern historiography. studying and reading those tales in the course of the prism of Jewish and Christian non secular and literary traditions, Jeremy Cohen exhibits how those persecution chronicles demonstrate even more in regards to the storytellers, the martyrologists, than in regards to the martyrs themselves. whereas they extol the wonderful heroism of the martyrs, in addition they air the doubts, guilt, and conflicts of these who, via filing quickly to the Christian crusaders, survived.
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Additional info for Sanctifying the Name of God: Jewish Martyrs and Jewish Memories of the First Crusade (Jewish Culture and Contexts)
Sanctifying the Name of God: Jewish Martyrs and Jewish Memories of the First Crusade (Jewish Culture and Contexts) by Jeremy Cohen